3 Sorts of Misinformation Spreading After the Election
A number of classes of election misinformation emerged after the counting of votes started on Tuesday, a lot of it concentrating on the swing states that stay too near name.
Listed here are three varieties which are making the rounds on social media.
1. False claims of ballots being discovered or misplaced
Because the vote depend obtained underway, unproven claims of ballots being discovered or misplaced — falsely held up as proof of widespread voter fraud — started to emerge on Fb and Twitter.
Renee DiResta, a disinformation researcher on the Stanford Web Observatory, mentioned these posts “repurposed user-created content material from Election Day, which documented one-off incidents” then aggregated them “to assist claims of fraud and illegitimacy.”
This kind of put up typically used photos to lend an air of legitimacy to the false declare. On Tuesday night, for instance, a Twitter person commented on a information article with photographs displaying election staff in Fairfax County, Va., carrying sealed poll bins. The caption falsely said that the batch of ballots had been discovered “as soon as Virginia was wanting pink.”
Twitter labeled the put up with a discover that allow individuals “find out about U.S. 2020 election safety efforts.”
2. False rumors of vote counts leaping in swing states
One other widespread sort of deceptive put up: that fraudulent votes have been added in swing states in a single day, resulting in a suspicious bounce in vote counts, principally for the Democratic presidential nominee, Joseph R. Biden Jr. Posts reviewed by Gadget Clock included particular mentions of Wisconsin, Michigan and Georgia.
In actuality, there’s nothing out of the bizarre about this course of. “Processes for state elections have been decided lengthy earlier than the primary poll was solid,” mentioned Lisa Kaplan, the founding father of Alethea Group, an organization that helps battle election-related misinformation. “It’s regular to see vote depend change as states comply with the procedures that they decided from the outset.”
“Whereas allegations of voter fraud needs to be taken significantly, these allegations are uncommon,” Ms. Kaplan mentioned. “Any such declare needs to be taken significantly and matched with information and proof.”
3. Falsehoods about Sharpie markers messing up vote counts
A baseless narrative alleging that Arizona ballot staff gave voters Sharpies to mark their ballots so their votes can be invalidated obtained greater than 36,000 mentions throughout cable tv and social media on Tuesday and Wednesday, in keeping with an evaluation by Zignal Labs, a media insights firm.
Particular person tweets have been posted starting on the morning of Nov. 3, in keeping with Zignal’s information, then rose sharply after midnight on Nov. 4.
Most of the posts considered by The Instances talked about Maricopa County and Pinal County in Arizona, amongst different locations, and raised fears about votes not being correctly counted due to the way in which voting machines learn ballots with marker ink bleeding by way of the paper.
However each Arizona counties shortly debunked the concept of this being systemic voter fraud. Pinal County mentioned individuals didn’t hand out Sharpies at polling locations, and Maricopa County said utilizing a Sharpie was protected for ballots there. Fb mentioned it had blocked the hashtag #Sharpiegate by early Wednesday afternoon, which means it’s not searchable on its platform.
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