9xmovies 2021 = 9xmovies 2020: Bollywood Movies Download, 9xmovie 9x-movies ideas | movies, full movies, download movies
9xmovies 2021: 9xmovies is an illegal piracy website to download the newest movies, web series, TV shows and WWE events for free of charge in HD print. Movie piracy has become one of the main concerns not just for the filmmakers except for the govt also . Despite piracy being an illegal act, thousand of movie and software piracy websites are running on the web . These sites make many dollars monthly due to huge traffic. 9xmovies is additionally one among them.
While Tamilrockers, Movierulz, and Filmywap are known to everyone, this website is additionally making its own name within the movie piracy market. It allows users to download Hollywood and Bollywood movies in 300MB with dual audio. it’s an outsized collection of the newest Tamil, Bollywood, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, and Hollywood dubbed movies. Today, we’ll discuss everything about 9xmovies, its news link, the newest movies leaked, its alternatives, etc.
9xmovies may be a very old movie piracy website. It started when the multiplex ticket prices were soaring and therefore the people were finding it difficult to observe their favorite movies in theatres. the website became very fashionable at that point because it served as a platform to download the newest movies for free of charge. Movies and shows are available in various formats (360p, 420p, 720p or 1080p). the simplest feature is that the films are available in 300MB size with dual audio for mobile users.
Time and again, i’m focussing on word piracy because it’s illegal. Movie and software piracy may be a crime in India. Sharing, watching, and downloading movies/software from torrent/piracy websites may land in jail. However, still many users across the country surf these sites and download movies from them.
How 9xmovies work?
It is like just another movie piracy website. It leaks the newest movies within hours of their release. Sometimes it leaks the films before their release. you’ll download the newest movies in only one click. it’s an enormous collection of Bollywood, Hollywood, Tamil, Telugu movies in various formats.
During the movie downloading, the user clicks on several popup ads that generate revenue for this site. Since 9xmovies has web traffic in millions, it generates huge money monthly.
Despite knowing that free piracy sites are illegal, many users download movies from these sites. Piracy may be a crime in India. you’d be in big trouble if you’re proved guilty of infringement of copyrighted movies or software.
9xmovies New Links & Proxies 2021
Like other piracy sites, 9xmovies also keeps on changing its domain because the old domains get blocked by the govt. 9xmovies is alive for around 10 years. In these 10 years, the location has changed quite 30 domains. the primary domain was 9xmovies.com. the newest domain is 9movies.land. a glance at the newest 9xmovies old proxy and links:-
Like Downloadhub, Moviesflix & Movierulz, 9xmovies also has an android app. you’ll use this app to download movies, web series, shows and far more. However, as this is often an illegal app it’s not available on the Google play store. you’ll download it from third-party channels.
App Name 9XMovies
File Size 1.6 MB
Requirement Android 4.0 and above
Languages Hindi, English
Last Updated Not Known
We know you guys are tempted to observe new movies but please remember that it’s illegal and should land you in trouble. Watching or downloading movies from 9xmovies or similar torrent websites like Tamilrockers, Movierulz, Downloadhub etc. is against the law in India under the Copyright Act, 1957.
Movie categories on 9xmovies
There is an enormous collection of flicks and television shows arranged in various categories. Here may be a check out the categories available on 9xmovies:
- 1080p movies
- 300MB movies
- Assamese movies
- Bhojpuri movies
- Bollywood movies
- Dual movies
- Gujarati movies
- Hindi Dubbed movies
- Hollywood movies
- Kannada movies
- Malayalam movies
- Marathi movies
- Pakistani movies
- Pre-release movies
- Punjabi movies
- Tamil movies
- Telugu movies
- TV Shows
- Web series
How to download movies from 9XMovies 2021?
Downloading a movie on 9xmovies may be a cakewalk. All you would like to try to do is type the name of the specified movie within the search box. you’d be redirected to a different page with options of a stream and download. you would like to make a decision whether you would like to observe it online or download it. While downloading a movie, you’re likely to ascertain some pop-up ads, so, twiddling my thumbs and shut those ads. you furthermore may get the choice to pick the standard (300MB, 320p, 480p) while downloading the movie.
9xmovies provide pirated versions of the latest Hindi movies of Bollywood, Hollywood Dubbed movies in Hindi, and TV shows. 9xmovies also leaks regional language movies like Gujarati, Malayalam, Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Pakistani films are also available.
9xmovies 2021: 9xmovies is a public piracy website to find the Latest 9xmovies website movies, 9xmovies Movies News, and Users can 9xmovies download online Bollywood, Hollywood Dual Audio Movies, Tamil and Telugu movies online for free, more updates on GadgetClock. download Bollywood, Hollywood, Telugu, Tamil movies with Dual Audio from 9xmovies in Piracy Site.
9xmovies 2021 – Bollywood Movies Download illegally
9xmovies.in has a vast collection of free HD 9xmovies.in movie downloads from Bollywood 9xmovies.in, Hollywood, Tollywood, and more.9xmovies com has an illegal movie download platform that offers new Bollywood movies, Hollywood movies, web-series pirated content. It is an illegal website link that is affecting the box-office collection of movies across the world. The website holds a vast collection of free HD movie downloads from Bollywood, Hollywood, Tollywood, and more pirated content.
9xmovies is a big name in the piracy market of India. The movie piracy market in India is always hot and Piracy is a crime in Indian law and India’s film industry has to suffer millions of Rupees due to pirated films every year.
What is 9XMovies?
9XMovies website provides pirated versions of the latest Bollywood, South Indian, and Hollywood films online for free download. The videos are available in various qualities as in 360p, 480p, 720p, and 1080p.
9XMovies also leaks many famous English TV shows like Game of Thrones dubbed pirated versions of Hindi and more, although it is illegal to download any kind of content on such a website.
On the 9XMovies website leaks, movies are available after some time of release Like other pirated websites, the latest Hindi and other language movies are uploaded instantly on this 9xmovie.
On the 9XMovies website New movies are found on these websites shortly after the release, many times the films are leaked before the release.
Unimaginable Bollywood movies download collection for free download of Bollywood movies, Hollywood Dual Audio Movies, and Tamil download and Telugu movies online for free as well. The pirated films are uploaded in 9xmovies press as quickly as possible and the initial quality of the latest free download movies is mostly in theatre print.
Some movies can be watched in the theatre because the theatre experience may make the movie even more interesting. But the Illegal websites do content piracy and leak movies. Because of illegal websites, there will be a huge loss in the film industry.
There are many such websites in India like Filmywap, Isaimini, TamilRockers, Tamilgun, etc.
9xmovies is a famous illegal public torrent website in India that leaks and uploads the pirated versions of the Latest Tamil Movies, Telugu, and Malayalam films, and TV series on their site.
Sites like 9x movies have been affecting the box-office collection of movies by online leaks of the latest Hindi, Tamil Movies, Telugu, and Malayalam films copyrighted content online for free download before the movies could even release.
Movie piracy has become one of the major concern not only for the filmmakers but for the government as well. Despite piracy being an illegal act, thousand of movie and software piracy websites are running on the internet. These sites make millions of dollars every month because of huge traffic. 9xmovies is also one of them.
While Tamilrockers, Movierulz, and Filmywap are known to everyone, this website is also making its own name in the movie piracy market. It allows users to download Hollywood and Bollywood movies in 300MB with dual audio. It has a large collection of the latest Tamil, Bollywood, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, and Hollywood dubbed movies. Today, we will discuss everything about 9xmovies, its news link, the latest movies leaked, its alternatives, etc.
9xmovies is a very old movie piracy website. It started when the multiplex ticket prices were soaring and the people were finding it difficult to watch their favorite movies in theatres. The website became very popular at that time as it served as a platform to download the latest movies for free. Movies are available in various formats (360p, 420p, 720p or 1080p). The best feature is that the movies are available in 300MB size with dual audio for mobile users.
Time and again, I am focussing on word piracy because it is illegal. Movie and software piracy is a crime in India. Sharing, watching, and downloading movies/software from torrent/piracy websites may land in jail. However, still millions of users across the country surf these sites and download movies from them.
How 9xmovies work?
It is like just another movie piracy website. It leaks the latest movies within hours of their release. Sometimes it leaks the movies before their release. You can download the latest movies in just one click. It has a huge collection of Bollywood, Hollywood, Tamil, Telugu movies in various formats.
During the movie downloading, the user clicks on several popup ads that generate revenue for this site. Since 9xmovies has web traffic in millions, it generates huge money every month.
Despite knowing that free piracy sites are illegal, millions of users download movies from these sites. Piracy is a crime in India. You would be in big trouble if you are proved guilty of infringement of copyrighted movies or software.
9xmovies New Links & Proxies 2020
Like other piracy sites, 9xmovies also keeps on changing its domain as the old domains get blocked by the government. 9xmovies is in existence for around 10 years. In these 10 years, the site has changed more than 30 domains. The first domain was 9xmovies.com. The latest domain is 9movies.app. A look at the latest 9xmovies old proxy and links:-
What are the Features of 9xmovies?
9xmovies provides a search bar at the top right of the website. It always performs well and delivers absolutely precise results. The result will be given within a few milliseconds, after searching for a specific item. No delays and suggestive items are two of the search bar’s principal features. Movies are offered, and TV shows are stored on various high-speed servers. Store the items using not just one but multiple files hosting servers. The servers do work fine, even in a slow connection.
Latest 9xmovies Download Website
9x movies is an Indian piracy website that allows viewers to download pirated movies for free the various industries such as Bollywood, Tamil movies, Malayalam, and Telugu films. 9xmovies website leaks movies online and uploaded as soon as they release in theatres or sometimes before their release prints.
9xmovies guru, 9xmovies org, www 9xmovies, 9xmovies in, etc. are some alternative domain extensions of 9xmovies.
What are the Categories available on 9xmovies Website?
The Categories available on 9xmovies Website are listed below. It is one of the former websites offering a range of pirated films. A huge library, diverse languages, and qualities made the site so famous.
- Dual Audio
- 300mb movies
- Hindi Dubbed
- South Indian Movies
- Tv shows
- Web Series
9x movies provide different categories of entertainment piracy content for Hindi Movies, Tamil Movies, Tamil Dubbed Movies, Tamil MP3 and TV shows, and more as following:
- 1080p Movies
- 300MB Movies
- Bollywood Movies
- Dual Audio
- Hindi Dubbed
- Hollywood Movies
- Tamil Movies
- Telugu Movies
- Assamese Movies
- Bhojpuri Movies
- Gujarati Movies
- Kannada Movies
- Malayalam Movies
- Marathi Movies
- Pakistani Movies
- Pre Release
- Punjabi Movies
- TrailerTV Shows
- WEB Series
Latest Movies Leaked by 9X Movies Website
9XMovies Leaked Latest Movies: Following latest Hindi movies and TV shows are leaked on 9X Movies:
- Scam 1992 Download Google Drive Online? Know Best Dialogues, Episodes List & Harshad Mehta Story
- Mirzapur 2 Full HD Available For Free Download Online on Tamilrockers And Other Torrent Sites
- Kabir Singh
- Baaghi 3
- Dream Girl
- Gully boy
- Tanhaji: The Unsung Warrior
- Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhaan
- Good Newwz
- Angrezi Medium
- Dabangg 3
- Avengers: Endgame
- Baahubali 2
- The Lion King
- John Wick 3
And many more movies.
What are the Movies Illegally Leaked by 9xmovies download?
The website is infamous for leaking an enormous amount of films in several languages. This free movie download site offers a feature of 300MB movies where one can download films within the range of 300MB. The recent leaks on the App from Bollywood include Chhapaak, War, Gullyboy, Good News, Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhaan, and more. Kadaram Kondan, Saho, Adithya Varma, Avengers: Endgame, Baahubali, Baahubali 2, 2.0, Bharat, and more. The website also leaked much awaited recent movies like Bird of Prey, Joker, Kabir Singh, Dear Comrade, Arjun Patiala, Spider-Man: Far From Home, The Lion King, John Wick 3, Dabangg 3, and others. As per reports, the entertainment industry loses roughly $2.8 billion every year because of worldwide piracy downloads.
- Suno Sasurji
Is watching 9xmovies legal?
Just like Tamilrockers, Filmy4wap, Isaimini, 123movies, Solarmovie, Soap2day, or Putlocker, Isaimini is also a popular Indian torrent website which allows users to download Hindi movies and tv shows online illegally for free from Netflix, and other sources as well.
Watching movies or TV shows on 9x movies is not only illegal but also it’s unethical. Movies and TV series are trademarked, and the studios or producers own them.
Online torrent websites frequently illegally facilitate downloading TV series or movies, which infringes on copyright laws. It does not matter if the video file was never actually on your device; not paying for paid content is not allowed.
What are the consequences of using 9xmovies?
According to the piracy law in India, Piracy is totally Illegal and Punishable offense. If you are caught downloading or streaming copyrighted content, you can be fined quite heavily between ₹50,000 and ₹200,000 a person being convicted for their first such offense is a jail term of six months and three years.
What are popular (legal) 9xmovies alternatives?
Best legal 9X Movies Alternative like all paid streaming services like SonyLive, Netflix, Hotstar, Amazon Prime are the legal and easiest ways to access online entertainment content.
Does 9Xmovies give you viruses?
Free online streaming websites and free movies or TV shows download sites always come with risks like malware, adware, and viruses, or other malicious software being downloaded to your device or risk of personal data from hackers.
Best English Movies Streaming Website
Following is the list of best free online movie streaming sites that let you watch popular HD movies & Tv Shows Episodes.
- SolarMovies – Free Movies Streaming Website
- Yifymovies – Free Movies Streaming Website
- Hulu – Free Movies Streaming Website
- Yesmovies – Free Movies Streaming Website
- Popcornflix – Free Movies Streaming Website
- Myflixer – Free Movies Streaming Website
- Soap2Day – Free Movies Streaming Website
- Afdah – Free Movies Streaming Website
- 123Movies – Free Movies Streaming Website
- Putlocker – Free Movies Streaming Website
Every movie buff is constantly searching for free websites to watch online HD movies and popular TV series.
If are a movie buff and searching online for the best site to watch your favorite HD Movie online or download, Then these top 10 Free Movies Streaming Website list will help you.
Top 10 Free Movies Streaming Website to Wach Movies and TV Shows Online 2020
Best online movie streaming websites to watch favorite movies or TV shows in HD quality online and free download movies or TV shows.
#1 SolarMovies – Free Movies Streaming Website
Solar movies are one of the most popular websites that allows you to watch movies and TV series online without any payment.
SolarMovies provides a good collection of quality HD content good movies and documentaries, Solar Movies website allows you to free download movies and TV series online.
Fast and Better search options and results
You can stream online HD quality free Movies and TV series.
Free streaming service
No registration required
Content loading at great speed
#2 Yifymovies – Best Free Movies Streaming Website
Yifymovies is the best for watching online movies and TV series.
Yifymovies shows movie posters with ratings, so it becomes a bit quick and handy to sort out the content based on the rating.
Yifymovies has gained a lot of love and popularity because of its content library, this site does not require registration to watch movies or tv-series online.
- Yifymovies provide the best sorting options by Rating, Genre, Release Date of the movie
- Yifymovies provide subtitle for movies
- Not required registration to watch movies
- Provide HD content and download HD quality (720p and 1080p)
- Yifymovies are suitable to watch on Smart TV, PC, tablet, mobile phones.
#3 Hulu – Best Online Movies Streaming Website
Hulu is a different site from PrimeWire, Hulu offer paid subscription and original TV series that only available on Hulu, Hulu is the cheapest option and less expensive than Netflix.
Hulu offers Stream TV and Movies Live and Online Watch TV shows and movies online Anytime, Anywhere. Stream TV episodes of Grey’s Anatomy, This Is Us, Bob’s Burgers, Brooklyn Nine-Nine, Empire, SNL, and popular movies. Hulu has something for everyone.
Watch Hulu online on Mac or PC and Apple iOS, Apple TV (4th gen), Android, Chromecast, Echo Show, Fire tablets, Fire TV & Fire Stick, Roku, LG TV and Samsung TV (select models), Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 3 & 4, Xbox One and Xbox 360.
Hulu provides a month free subscription and Watch thousands of tv shows and movies, with plans starting at $5.99/month, HBO Max™, SHOWTIME®, CINEMAX®, and STARZ® available as add-ons.
Hulu also offers a Bundle package, with over 25% discount to watch online Disney+ and ESPN+ for $12.99/month.
Hulu is an American subscription video-on-demand service, the company fully controlled and majority-owned by Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International, a business segment of The Walt Disney Company, with NBCUniversal, owned by Comcast, as an equity stakeholder.
- Hulu offers the best content library Live TV, Live News, Live Sports, TV Shows, Movies, Originals, Kids, and more.
- Hulu offer paid subscription and original TV series
- Hulu is the cheapest option and less expensive than Netflix
- Hulu has something for everyone
- Support all major devices to watch Mac or PC and on Apple iOS, Apple TV, Android, Chromecast, Echo Show, Fire tablets, Fire TV & Fire Stick, Roku, LG TV and Samsung TV, PlayStation 3 & 4, Xbox One and Xbox 360
#4 Yesmovies – Best Free Movies Streaming Website
Yesmovies offers free streaming and downloading of movies and TV shows. YesMovies is a notorious digital content piracy website and websites like Vumoo and Solarmovie.
Yesmovies is a free online streaming and downloading site that offers Hollywood movies, TV Shows, Web series, Animation movies, Documentaries, Music, TV Movies, Kids, etc.
Yesmovie is also one of the alternative websites to Solarmovie to watch free online movies and TV shows. It also provides high-quality videos. Yesmovies has movies from different categories like Action, Adventure, Biography, Drama, Documentaries, Comedy, and Animation, etc.
- Yesmovies is a free online streaming site
- Yesmovies offer content in various languages they provided for multi-ethnic groups
- Yesmovie offers content in over 21 different languages such as English, Korean, Hindi, French, and more.
- Yesmovie support countries include the United States, Asia, Europe, Japan, Korea, the UK, France, and many more.
#5 Popcornflix – Best Free Movies Streaming Website
Popcornflix is a free on-demand streaming service that offers Watch free movies, TV shows, and Viral videos online without the hassle of a monthly subscription.
Popcornflix is also one of the best PrimeWire alternatives that offer a huge selection of watch movies online free full movie no sign up required. Popcornflix offers great Action, Comedy, Family, Horror, Drama, Thriller, Romance, Westerns, Sci-Fi, Documentaries, and more.
The Popcornflix App is the premium app for watching FREE feature-length films on your Android phone and tablet! Also, Popcornflix is available on the majority of digital devices PC, Roku, Amazon Fire Stick, Xbox 360, Xbox One, iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, and PlayStation.
Popcornflix LLC over-the-top service offering free ad-supported streaming video of feature-length movies and webisodes. It is owned by Screen Media Ventures, Popcornflix and its parent company were acquired by Chicken Soup for the Soul Entertainment in 2017.
- Watch over a thousand movies and TV shows for free
- Popular self-help publisher Chicken Soup For the Soul has released Popcornflix
- On-demand content. 1,000+ movies, TV shows, and viral videos
- Publish date. The publish date of the video is provided in the detail section
- Popcornflix Kids additional streaming service designated for children called Popcornflix Kids
- Popcornflix is an ad-supported streaming service, which makes it completely free
#6 Myflixer – Best Free Movies Streaming Website
Myflixer is an online movie streaming website to watch movies and TV Series online free in Full HD. Myflixer is one of the best alternatives to Vumoo and Solarmovie.
MyFlixer is a Free Movies streaming website with no ads. Also, MyFLixer lets you watch movies online without having to register or paying any subscription cost, with over 10000 movies and TV-Series. Also, you can download full movies from MyFlixer and watch it later if you want.
- Watch over 10000 movies and TV-Series
- No ads
- Zero subscription fees
- NO registration require
- Download full movies and watch it later if you want.
- Watch Full HD Movies and TV-Series
#7 Soap2Day – Free Movies Streaming Website
Soap2day is an online free streaming website to Watch Full Movies and Tv Shows Online in HD. Soap2day is another best alternative to PrimeWire letting you watch movies and TV shows online for free without downloading or registration.
Soap2Day is one of the most popular websites to the alternative to PrimeWire, it is available online for watching movies and TV shows for free. Users do not need to pay a single amount for streaming.
- Soap2Day provides interesting online content like drama, romance, dance, and more.
- Watch best and latest movies and TV-Series
- Zero subscription fees
- No registration require
- Download full movies and watch it later if you want.
- Watch Full HD Movies and TV-Series
#8 Afdah – Best Free Movies Streaming Website
An Afdah is another alternative website of PrimeWire letting you watch movies and TV shows online for free without downloading. An Afdah is the most reliable and famous site for streaming free HD quality TV shows and movies.
Using Afdah you watch free High-Quality movies online, fast and easy, without downloading anything. This site Afdah is a web scraper coded site to crawl and index online movie sites. Afdah site does not host or upload any videos or movies on site other than indexing them.
- Afdah is a web scraper coded to crawl and index online movie sites
- Watch online latest movies and TV-Series
- Zero subscription fees
- No registration require
#9 123Movies or Movies123 – Best Free Movies Streaming Website
123 Movies is one of the best websites like Vumoo or Solarmovie. 123Movies is Another streaming platform to watch movies and TV series in HD quality.
123 Movie gives you a free experience to watch the top-hit shows and latest movies, With the simple UI, you can use this website hassle-free. 123Movies offer different categories like Action, Drama, Comedy, Adventure, Thriller, and Animation.
123Movies or Movies 123 has a huge collection of super hit movies, User you can select the countries from the USA, France, United Kingdom, South Korea, Japan, India, and Germany.
- Movie 123 online site with best HD quality movies and TV series
- Zero subscription fees
- No registration require
#10 Putlocker / Putlocker2 – Best Free Movies Streaming Website
Putlocker / Putlockers2 is a Free Movies Streaming Website that provides HD quality Free Movies, TV shows online. The site Putlocker allows downloading free movies without any registration.
Putlocker is a free website like PrimeWire or Vumoo, where you can watch online or download HD quality movies and TV shows.
Putlocker can help you to select the best quality content. Website Putlocker offers various tabs for movies, TV series, new episodes, genres, etc.
- Putlocker is fast
- Putlocker provides high-quality videos
- Putlocker download movies with subtitle
- Putlocker is free
- No registration required to watch movies on Putlocker
You might as nicely confirm the following web sites for additional information:
List of similar websites like 9xmovies 2021
- KTM Movies
- Khatrimaza Full
Disclaimer – Gadget Clock doest not promote piracy and is strictly against online piracy. We understand and fully comply with the copyright acts/clauses and ensure we take all steps to comply with the Act. Through our pages, We intend to inform our users about piracy and strongly encourage our users to avoid such platforms/websites. As a firm, we strongly support copyright acts. We advise our users to be very vigilant and avoid visiting such websites.
Is it safe to download movies from 9xmovies?
Piracy websites are never safe as they are vulnerable to hackers who can steal confidential information. These sites may have malware and viruses which can enter your system (PC, mobiles) and corrupt them. Sites like 9Xmovies run third-party ads that are not safe.
Is it legal to use 9xmovies?
No piracy site is legal. We all are tempted to watch the latest movies for free but we should be aware that using these sites may land you in trouble. If you are ever caught red-handed browsing any such illegal torrent sites in India, the government can charge you under the anti-piracy law.
Uploading another person/company content without the owner’s permission is punishable under the copyright act. Owners and admins of many illegal sites have been booked several times.
Punishment for movie piracy in India:
Imprisoned for 3 years.
Pay a fine of up to ₹ 10 lakh.
Imprisoned for 3 years & pay a fine of up to ₹ 10 lakh both.
We recommend you to download/watch movies on legal and official sites like Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, Hulu, Hotstar, ZEE5, etc.
What if 9xmovies is blocked in my country?
Well, you need to check as the illegal piracy websites are completely blocked in some countries. You can use services like VPN to gain access to the website using the IP of some other country.
Is 9xmovies completely free? How it makes money?
It is a free movie piracy website. There is no registration fee. It uploads copyrighted content for free download. It doesn’t charge any kind of subscription fee for download. Every single movie on this platform is completely free, so the users don’t have to pay anything to download it. However, the users have to face the annoying popup ads while downloading. The website makes revenue through these ads.
What are the Categories Of Movies Available On 9xmovies 2021?
Various Categories of Movies Available on this website 2020 are:
Is Downloading Illegal or Streaming Illegal?
Downloading or streaming of some unlicensed films, TV shows, and sporting events is somehow legal. Every conversation of the rightfulness of streaming in the U.S. starts with the Copyright Act of 1976. It awards copyright owners “exclusive rights” to bring manuscripts of their work, allocate it, and conduct it publicly.