CBSE Class 11 Syllabus 2021-22 (New): CBSE Academic Session 2021-22
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CBSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus 2021-22
Biology (Code No. 044)
Class 11 (2021-22)
Theory: Time: 03 hrs, Max. Marks: 70
Unit-I Diversity of Living Organisms
Chapter-1: The Living Planet
what’s alive? Bio Diversity; dependence on classification; taxonomy and systematics; theory of species and taxonomic hierarchy; binomial nomenclature; tools for analysis of taxonomy- museums, zoological parks, and herbaria, botanical gardens, keys for identification.
CHAPTER2: Terrible Classification
Five domain classification; Salient characteristics and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi in to important classes; Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.
Chapter 3: Plant Kingdom
Salient options and classification of plants to major categories – Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (conspicuous and identifying functions and a couple of samples of each category): Angiosperms – classification upto class, feature functions and examples. Vegetation cycles and alternation of creation
Chapter 4: Animal Kingdom
Foundation of Classification; Salient functions and classification of creatures, non-chordates up-to phyla degree and chordates upto class degree (conspicuous features and differentiating characteristics of a couple samples of each category).
(No live animals or trademarks should be shown in faculty.)
Unit-II Structural Organization in Plants and Animals
Chapter-5: Morphology of Flowering Plants
Morphology and alterations: Morphology of unique pieces of flowering plants: root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, seed and fruit. Explanation of households: Fabaceae, Solanaceae and also Liliaceae (to be coped together side the pertinent experiments of this Practical Syllabus).
Chapter 6: Anatomy of Flowering Plants
Anatomy and works of distinct cells and tissue systems at dicots and monocots. Secondary development.
Chapter-7: Structural Organisation at Animals
Animal cells; Morphology, Anatomy and acts of various systems (gastrointestinal,
circulatory, respiratory, reproductive and nervous ) of an insect-cockroach (a short account just ).
Unit III Mobile: Structure and Functions
Chapter-8: Cell-The Unit of Life
Cellular concept and cell as the fundamental unit of life, structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell phone; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles – arrangement and function; endomembrane system- endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus.
Chapter-9: bio molecules
Chemical components of living cells: bio molecules, structure and role of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids; theory of metabolic rate; Enzymes – possessions, enzyme activity, facets, classification, cofactors.
Chapter-10: Cell Cycle and Cell Division
Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance
Unit-IV Plant Physiology
Chapter-11: Transfer in Plants
Movement of gases, water and nutrition; cell to cell transfer – diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; plant-water connections, imbibitionand water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; cross country transfer of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration extract, origin pressure and guttation; transpiration, opening and closure of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrition – Transfer of food, phloem transport, mass flow theory.
Chapter-12: Mineral Nutrition
Elementary concept of hydroponics as a procedure to study nutrient nourishment; crucial nutritional supplements, macro- and micro nutrients and their role; lack symptoms; nutrient toxicity; bile metabolism, nitrogen , biological nitrogen fixation.
Chapter-13: Photosynthesis in Greater Plants
Photosynthesis for a way of autotrophic nutrition; ancient experiments, site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (basic idea); photo chemical and bio-synthetic stages of photosynthesis; photochemical and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic theory; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; facets influencing photosynthesis.
Chapter-14: Cellular Respiration
Trade of gases; perform plants breathe; cellular respiration – glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transfer system (aerobic); energy connections – quantity of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.
Chapter-15: Plant – Development and Improvement
Seed germination; traits, dimensions and stages of plant development, growth speed; states for growth; distinction, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; chain of developmental processes in a plant cell; growth labs – auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; seed dormancy; vernalisation; photoperiodism.
Unit-V Individual Physiology
Chapter-16: Digestion and Absorption
Alimentary tract and adrenal glands, part of adrenal enzymes and pancreatic tissues; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of carbohydrates, proteins and fats; egestion; supplements and gastrointestinal ailments – indigestion, and nausea, nausea, jaundice, diarrhea.
Chapter-17: Movements and Trade of Gases
Introduction to lymph tissues in creatures; the respiratory system in humans; mechanics of breathing as well as its own regulation in humans – swap of gasesand transfer of compounds and regulation of respiration, respiratory amounts; disorders associated with respiration – asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders.
Chapter-18: Body Fluids and blood
Composition of bloodblood bands, coagulation of bloodcomposition of both lymph and also its particular role; lymph nodes; individual circulatory – Construction of individual heart and bloodstream; coronary artery, coronary artery, ECG; dual flow; regulation of coronary action; diseases of circulatory system – hypertension, and coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.
Chapter-19: Excretory services and products as well as their gallop
Modes of excretion – ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; individual anatomy — structure and role; pee formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function – renin – angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH, diabetes insipidus; micturition; role of different organs within excretion; diseases – uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney, and kidney transplant.
Chapter-20: loco motion and Movement
Forms of movement — amoeboid, ciliary, flagellar, muscle; types of muscles; lean muscle, muscle contractile proteins and muscular contraction; skeletal body and its particular functions; joints; diseases of skeletal and muscle systems – myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscle dystrophy, arthritis, and osteoporosis, and gout.
Chapter-21: Neural Control and Coordination
Neuron and nerves; nervous-system in humans – central nervous system and peripheral nervous system; creation, conduction and transmission of nerve impulse; nerve activity; sensory understanding; feel organs; basic arrangement and acts of both ear and eye ailments
Chapter-22: Chemical Coordination and Integration
adrenal glands and glands; individual endocrine system – based hypothalamus, adrenal, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, adrenalglands, gonads; hormones of both heart, kidney and gastrointestinal tract; mechanism of hormone activity (basic idea); role of hormones because messengers and labs, hypo – and anxiety and related disorders; dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, and Addison’s illness.
Notice: Diseases linked to all of the individual physiological processes to be educated in brief.
Timing: 03 hours,” Max. Marks: 30
A: set of Tests
inch . ) Research and clarify three locally available shared flowering plants, one from all one of those families Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae (Poaceae, Asteraceae or even Brassicaceae could be substituted in the event there is special geographical location) including dissection and display of floral whorls, anther and gut to demonstrate number of chambers (flowery formulae and flowery structures ). Different types of origin (Harness and adventitious); types of stem (herbaceous and woody); foliage (structure, shape, venation, simple and chemical ).
2. ) Planning and analysis of T.S. of both dicot and monocot roots and stalks (primary).
3. ) Research of purification by curry osmometer.
4. ) Research of plasmolysis in epidermal peels (e.g. Rhoeo/lily leaves or brassy scale leaves of pumpkin bulb).
5. ) Investigation of supply of stomata from the upper and lower surfaces of leaves. )
6. ) Comparative analysis of these degrees of transpiration at the upper and lower surface of leaves. )
7. ) Evaluation for the existence of sugars, starch, fats and proteins from plant and animal compounds.
8. ) Separation of plant pigments during newspaper chromatography.
9. Investigation of the amount of respiration in blossom buds/leaf tissue along with germinating seeds.
10. Evaluation for presence of urea in urine.
11. Evaluation for presence of sugars in pee.
1 2. Evaluation for presence of albumin in urine.
1-3. Evaluation for presence of bile salts from the pee.
B. Careful monitoring of these following (spotting):
inch. Parts of a chemical microscope.
2. ) Specimens/slides/models and identification together with grounds – Compounds, Oscillatoria, Spirogyra, Rhizopus, mushroom, yeast, liverwort, moss, fern, walnut, a monocotyledonous plant, one dicotyledonous plant plus something lichen.
3. ) Virtual specimens/slides/models and distinctive attributes of Amoeba, Hydra, liverfluke, Ascaris, leech, earthworm, prawn, silkworm, honey bee, leech, starfish, shark, rohu, frog, lizard, pigeon and rabbit.
4. ) Tissues and diversity in form and size of cells (palisade cells, guard cells, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, xylem and phloem) through temporary and permanent slides.
5. ) Tissues and diversity in form and size of animal tissues (squamous epithelium, smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle fibers along with mammalian blood flow ) through temporary/permanent slides.
6. ) Mitosis in onion root tip cells and critters cells (grasshopper) from permanent slides.
7. ) Various alterations in roots, leaves and stalks.
8. ) Various forms of inflorescence (cymose along with racemose).
9. Human anatomy and several kinds of joints together with the assistance of virtual images/models only.
inch . ) Biology Class-XI, Released by NCERT
2. ) Other Relevant publications and guides caused by NCERT (such as multimedia)
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