China efficiently launches interplanetary mission to Mars with rover in tow
China has efficiently launched its first main interplanetary mission to Mars. The launch begins a protracted seven-month journey by way of deep house, and as soon as the mission reaches the Crimson Planet, China may turn into simply the second nation ever to land and function a rover on the Martian floor.
Referred to as Tianwen-1, China’s mission consists of a Martian orbiter, lander, and rover. The trio launched on prime of the Lengthy March 5 from China’s Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Website within the early morning hours of July 23rd. The Lengthy March 5 is one in every of China’s strongest rockets, and this mission marked simply the fourth launch ever for this kind of car.
As soon as they attain the Crimson Planet, all three spacecraft will work in tandem to review the geology of Mars and be taught extra about what may be lurking beneath the planet’s floor. Whereas the orbiter will map and picture Mars from above, the lander and rover will ultimately make the nightmarish plunge right down to the floor of Mars. In the event that they make it to the bottom intact, the lander will act as a supply platform, offering a ramp for the rover to roll away and traverse the Martian terrain.
Solely america has been in a position to efficiently land robotic spacecraft on Mars that may discover the floor. The truth is, no different nation has had a lot success with touchdown something on Mars. Europe has tried twice to land spacecraft on Mars, failing each occasions. The Soviet Union’s Mars three spacecraft did land in 1971 and communicated for about 20 seconds earlier than going darkish unexpectedly. If China’s touchdown is profitable, it should have pulled off a feat that solely NASA has mastered, elevating the nation into an elite tier of the worldwide house group.
Tianwen-1 is definitely the second mission headed to Mars this summer season. The United Arab Emirates additionally launched its first interplanetary mission on July 19th, sending an orbiter known as Hope to Mars that can research the planet’s climate. Subsequent up is NASA, which is on monitor to launch its subsequent Martian rover on July 30th. Referred to as Perseverance, the rover is designed to search for indicators of previous life on Mars, in addition to dig up samples of Martian dust that could be returned to Earth someday for research.
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