Climate Change Is a ‘Hammer Hitting Us on the Head,’ Developing Nations Say
“It’s like a turbocharger” for some of the legal strategies that Greenpeace and other organizations have pursued in court for years, said Jennifer Morgan, executive director of Greenpeace International. Earlier this year, Greenpeace successfully sued Royal Dutch Shell in a Dutch court using evidence from a previous UN report.
“I just expect the pace and scale of the calls to action, whether in courtrooms or on the streets or in committee courtrooms, to be clearer,” stronger than ever, ”Ms. Morgan said.
Hours after the report was released, protests were slated for later this month in London and other cities.
The report shows that if greenhouse gas emissions remain at the same levels or are only reduced slightly, the result will be continued warming and worsening effects for at least the rest of the century. But if governments immediately and drastically reduce emissions, they can stabilize the climate at about 1.5 degrees Celsius warming above pre-industrial levels.
The Earth has already warmed by about 1.1 degrees Celsius, or about 2 degrees Fahrenheit.
Despite the shaking of the report sent by world capitals, it was clear that some of the biggest polluters, including China and the United States, were unlikely to immediately move away from the fossil fuels that scientists believe are necessary to maintain the global average temperatures rise to 1.5 or even 2 degrees Celsius, plus limit set by the Paris climate agreement of 2015, an agreement between nations to fight against global warming. Almost all of the countries that have signed the agreement are far from fulfilling their commitment.
At this point, every fraction of a degree of warming would lead to increasingly destructive flooding, more deadly heat waves and worsening droughts, as well as an acceleration in sea level rise that could threaten the existence of some island nations, according to the report.
The United States, which has historically released more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than any other country, pledged in April to halve its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Although it s This is an ambitious target, it is slightly lower than the target enshrined in law by the European Union and significantly lower than that of Great Britain.
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