Everything you need to know about Udupi Ramachandra Rao- Technology News, Gadgetclock

Everything you need to know about Udupi Ramachandra Rao- Technology News, Gadgetclock
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Everything you need to know about Udupi Ramachandra Rao- Technology News, Gadgetclock

Every little thing you might want to learn about Udupi Ramachandra Rao- Expertise Information, Gadgetclock

As we speak is the 89th delivery anniversary of Udupi Ramachandra Rao, who’s also referred to as ‘India’s Satellite tv for pc Man’ or the ‘Father of Indian Satellite tv for pc Program’. He was concerned within the improvement of 20 satellites and helped advance India’s rocket expertise. He was the Chairman of the Indian House Analysis Organisation (ISRO) and Chairman of the Governing Council of Bodily Analysis Laboratory (PRL). He has revealed over 360 scientific and technical papers in numerous journals. He’s additionally the creator of three books with house and Earth as the primary subject.

PRL is the premier institute for finding out house science and allied sciences. It was based by Dr Vikram Sarabhai in 1947. Rao was Sarabhai’s protégé, as he labored beneath Sarabhai in PRL and was additionally his doctoral advisor.

Life and accomplishments

Rao was born in 1932 in a village in Karnataka to Lakshminarayana Acharya and Krishnaveni Amma. After ending his major (in Adamaru) and secondary (Christian Excessive Faculty, Udupi) schooling, Rao graduated with a Bachelor’s diploma in Science from Authorities Arts and Science Faculty, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh. He obtained his Grasp’s diploma from the Banaras Hindu College, Varanasi and a doctorate from the Bodily Analysis Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad.

He labored within the US, first as a Put up-Doctoral Fellow at MIT from 1961 to 1963, after which as an Assistant Professor on the College of Texas at Dallas from 1963 to 1966. He additionally labored with NASA, conducting experiments on its Pioneer and Explorer spacecraft.

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Rao went on to turn out to be the Chairman of the Nehru Planetarium at Bengaluru, and of the Indian Institute for House Science and Expertise (IIST) at Thiruvananthapuram. He was Co-chair of the Nationwide Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Analysis in Goa, and the primary chairman of Prasar Bharati. He was additionally the fourth President of the Governing Physique of the Centre for House Physics and later modified its identify to Indian Centre for House Physics as a result of its nationwide significance, in response to an ISRO report.

NASA’s Pioneer and Explorer spacecraft

Whereas not a lot is thought about his work at NASA, we do know that he carried out experiments that helped in finessing the spacecrafts. His experiments additionally led to a greater understanding of the photo voltaic cosmic-ray phenomena and the electromagnetic state of the interplanetary house.

 Indias satellite man: Everything you need to know about Udupi Ramachandra Rao

Artist illustration of the second a part of the Pioneer probes. Picture credit score: NASA/Ames Analysis Middle

The Pioneer spacecraft Missions are a two-part mission – the primary Pioneer mission was purported to go to the moon and it was semi-successful. The second a part of this mission was comparatively fairly profitable, with eight spacecrafts going past the Earth’s orbit and two leaving the photo voltaic system.

The Explorer 1 was the primary satellite tv for pc launched by the US in 1958. The Explorer collection included 4 different satellites that had been additionally launched, with Explorer 3 and 4 efficiently reaching orbit and Explorer 2 and 5 failing.

Satellite tv for pc Program in India

Based in 1969 by Sarabhai, ISRO was India’s enterprise into house and having an Indian house program. In 1972, Rao initiated the satellite tv for pc program in ISRO and was the mission director until 1975 when the primary Indian satellite tv for pc ‘Aryabhata’ was launched. Underneath his steering, over 18 satellites had been designed and launched by ISRO. These satellites had been used for offering communication, distant sensing and meteorological companies.

Aryabhata was India's first satellite to launch into space. Image credit: ISRO

Aryabhata was India’s first satellite tv for pc to launch into house. Picture credit score: ISRO

Based on an ISRO report, Rao was instrumental within the ideation and improvement of “the experimental distant sensing satellites, BHASKARA 1&2, ROHINI D2 and satellites within the SROSS collection”. He additionally had a hand in growing the Indian Distant Sensing Satellites (IRS) for pure sources & environmental purposes; the communication satellite tv for pc, APPLE and the Indian Nationwide Satellites (INSAT) for communication purposes.

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Rocket expertise

It was throughout his time as Chairman of ISRO (1984 – 1994) that the house company labored on the Augmented Satellite tv for pc Launch Automobile (ASLV) and the Polar Satellite tv for pc Launch Automobile (PSLV). Rao additionally initiated the event of India’s geostationary launch car GSLV and cryogenic expertise.

The PSLV-C48 rocket stands at SHAR Shriharikota launch pad. Image credit: ISRO

The PSLV-C48 rocket stands at SHAR Sriharikota launch pad. Picture credit score: ISRO

The ASLV is a launch car, with a five-stage solid-fuel rocket that was used to position 150 kg satellites into Decrease Earth Orbit. The primary rocket was launched in 1987 and was solely used to launch 4 payloads.

The PSLV is India’s third-generation launch car, and it is the primary Indian rocket outfitted with liquid levels. It has 4 levels and was in flight in 1993. It may possibly launch satellites upto 3,800 kg into LEO, 1,750 kg to sun-synchronous orbit (SSO), 1,425 kg to Sub-geostationary switch orbit (Sub-GTO) and 1,300 kg to GTO.

Positions held


  • 1984 – 1994 Chairman, House Fee/Secretary, Division of House, Authorities of India & Chairman,
  • Indian House Analysis Organisation (ISRO), Bangalore
  • 1981 – 2001 Member, House Fee, Authorities of India
  • 1997 – 2000 Chairman, United Nations – Committee on Peaceable Makes use of of Outer House (UN-COPUOS)
  • 1975 – 1984 Director, ISRO Satellite tv for pc Centre, Bangalore
  • 1994 – 1999 Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Distinguished Professor of the Division of House
  • 1972 – 1975 Venture Director, Indian Scientific Satellite tv for pc Venture, Bangalore
  • 1969 – 1972 Professor, Bodily Analysis Laboratory, Ahmedabad
  • 1966 – 1969 Affiliate Professor, Bodily Analysis Laboratory, Ahmedabad
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  • 1996-1999- Chairman of the UN Committee on Peaceable Makes use of of Outer House
  • 1986-1992- Vice President, Worldwide Astronautical Federation
  • 1988- Committee for Liaison with Growing Nations of IAF
  • 1997-2000- Chairman, United Nations – Committee on Peaceable Makes use of of Outer House

Awards and accolades

Here’s a record of among the awards Rao was honoured with:

  • 2017- Padma Vibhushan
  • 2016- Prof. U.R. Rao grew to become the primary Indian House Scientist to be inducted into the extremely Prestigious “IAF Corridor of Fame” at Guadalajara, Mexico
  • 2013- Prof. U.R. Rao grew to become the primary Indian House Scientist to be inducted into the extremely Prestigious “Satellite tv for pc Corridor of Fame” at Washington DC, USA
  • 2008- Jawaharlal Nehru Beginning Centenary Award for 2007-2008 from ISCA
  • 2007- Life Time Achievement Award of Indian House Analysis Organisation
  • 1996- Vikram Sarabhai Medal of COSPAR
  • 1995- Aryabhata Award
  • 1995- Jawaharhal Nehru Award
  • 1994- P.C. Chandra Puraskar Award
  • 1993- Meghnad Saha Medal
  • 1991- Yuri Gagarin Medal of USSR
  • 1976- Padma Bhushan
  • 1975- Medal of Honour by Academy of Sciences, USSR
  • 1975- Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award
  • 1973- Group Achievement Award by NASA, USA

Additionally learn: Google Doodle celebrates the 89th birthday of India’s satellite tv for pc man – Udupi Ramachandra Rao

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