These Apps Let You Show Covid Vaccine Proof in N.Y.C.
Mayor Bill de Blasio’s announcement on Tuesday that people participating in indoor activities at restaurants, gyms, cinemas and shows in New York City are due to show proof of coronavirus vaccination soon has sparked a multitude of questions from from New Yorkers: How do I show vaccination status? Which vaccine application is the best? What if I lost my card? What if I got vaccinated in another country?
There are several main ways to prove you’re vaccinated, said de Blasio: a new app released by the city called NYC Covid Safe; the State’s Excelsior Pass; or by simply presenting your paper vaccination record or a copy of your official vaccination record.
The city is expected to announce additional methods in the coming weeks.
“At the end of the day, someone will have to have proof,” said de Blasio. “As long as this evidence is accurate and real, wherever it comes from, that’s what they’ll have to show.”
Here is what we know:
Where do I have to show proof of vaccination?
Starting August 16, indoor restaurants, indoor fitness rooms and indoor entertainment venues, such as cinemas, concert halls and nightclubs, must check for vaccination status, the city said. The requirement will apply to both customers and workers. Enforcement won’t start until September 13, so businesses will have a grace period to determine how to follow the new mandate.
What about children and others who cannot get the vaccine?
Children under 12 are still not eligible to receive the vaccines. On Wednesday morning, Mr de Blasio said they would be allowed to enter restaurants with vaccinated adults if they are masked.
Some adults have benefited or may benefit from medical or religious exemptions which would allow them not to be vaccinated. The city has not yet announced whether people in this category will be allowed to participate in indoor activities in places that will require proof of vaccination.
What is the difference between the Excelsior Pass and the NYC Covid Safe?
The city’s new app, NYC Covid Safe, is very straightforward. It is basically a camera app that allows users to take a picture of their vaccination card and store it in the app. It does not check if the image represents a real card.
The Excelsior Pass is New York State’s vaccination passport application. It debuted in March as the first government-issued vaccine passport application in the country. He checks requests against city and state immunization records.
More than 2.5 million New Yorkers have downloaded or printed an Excelsior Pass since its inception, according to the State Department of Health.
How do I get my pass?
Both can be downloaded from the Apple and Android app stores.
Here’s how Excelsior works: The app finds the official record of people vaccinated in New York State and issues a pass containing a unique QR code certifying that they have been vaccinated. The code is generated 15 days after the person has been completely vaccinated. It can be stored on a person’s phone or printed.
But Excelsior Pass can be finicky. In order to find a person’s vaccination record, they compare their name, date of birth, postal code and country of vaccination with the vaccine registry. If almost all of the information does not match what was entered by the immunization agency, even because of a typo, the pass will not be generated. Some 4% of users who tried to get passes in the first few months of the app couldn’t, the state said.
If Excelsior cannot find your vaccination record, you can use the city app if you don’t want to carry your card.
The NYC Covid Safe app can easily be used after it has been downloaded. It allows people to show a photo of their vaccination record after the first dose of a two-dose vaccine, or any other proof of vaccination they may have. (One dose of a two-dose vaccine is sufficient to meet the new mandate, although this provides only a fraction of the protection obtained by obtaining both doses.)
Are the applications secure?
To demonstrate potential issues with the NYC Covid Safe app, Huge Ma, a New Yorker who developed TurboVax, a widely used website that streamlines the city’s vaccine appointment system, showed on Twitter that ‘he uploaded a photo of a cat with green eyes to the application, instead of their vaccination card.
Both images got a green check mark from the app.
“The New York City app is a camera app dressed as a health tracker,” Mr. Cahn said. “It’s not fundamentally a meaningful guarantee.”
In response, the city said the green check mark indicates a photo has been uploaded, but is not intended to signal the photo is verified.
“Someone checking vaccination cards at the door of a restaurant or venue would see that these examples are not proper vaccination cards and act accordingly,” said Laura Feyer, city hall spokeswoman .
The app can help people organize their immunization card photos, ID, and test results in one place. It also does not pose major privacy concerns, as it does not communicate with government registries.
But the problem, Mr Cahn said, is that it lends an aura of security to what is essentially a self-certified screenshot of a vaccine card, which can be tampered with quite easily.
“When you see a paper map, you see it for what it is, because we know how easy it is to make,” he said. “But because it has that green check mark, people may think it’s somehow safer, and it isn’t.”
One of the problems with the Excelsior Pass is that a user can easily download someone else’s pass, if they know the basic information about the person’s identity, place and date of vaccination. . Sites should also verify an ID to verify that the person’s identity matches the vaccination card in the app, but in practice this does not always happen.
And some people have raised other privacy concerns, despite promises from the state and IBM, which developed the Excelsior Pass, that it uses blockchain technology to protect its data and does not track location. of a user.
What are the other ways to prove vaccination?
City officials point out that the paper card issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and used nationwide serves as proof. Townspeople who have lost their card can search for it online or write to the town’s vaccination registry to request a paper certificate of their vaccination.
Several private companies are entering the vaccine passport business, including CLEAR, which gained fame by developing a card that allowed people to speed up security checks at airports. It’s unclear which of these private efforts will be accepted by city venues.
The Biden administration has repeatedly stated that the federal government will not create a national passport for vaccines due to privacy concerns. But as more places start asking for evidence, there could be a broader call for national standards.
What if I was vaccinated outside of NY or the United States?
People vaccinated in the United States can still use the city app, the paper map, and most likely a photo on their smartphone of their paper map.
New Yorkers vaccinated out of state can also get an Excelsior Pass, if they have their health care provider upload this information to New York’s vaccine registries, the state said.
The question of whether unused vaccines in this country, like AstraZeneca, will be accepted is among many questions that remain to be resolved in the weeks leading up to the start of application on September 13, said Dr Celine Gounder, epidemiologist at the NYU Grossman School of Medicine. .
“They are phasing it in, realizing that there are going to be hiccups,” said Dr Gounder, who appeared at the mayor’s press conference announcing the new terms.
“Each state has its own vaccination registry, and they vary widely in terms of quality,” she said. “What do you do about that? What do you do with the people who have received Novavax in clinical trials? These are some of the gaps that will be filled.”
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