U.S. Locations Restrictions on China’s Main Chip Maker
WASHINGTON — The Trump administration has positioned new restrictions on exports to Semiconductor Manufacturing Worldwide Company, China’s most superior maker of laptop chips, a measure that would deepen the know-how battle between China and america.
In a letter on Friday, the Division of Commerce instructed American firms within the chip business that they need to first purchase a license to promote know-how to SMIC and its subsidiaries. The division mentioned it was taking the motion after a evaluate wherein it decided that the Chinese language firm “might pose an unacceptable threat of diversion to a army finish use within the Folks’s Republic of China.”
The measure, which might reduce SMIC off from the American software program and different know-how it must make its merchandise, comes because the Trump administration takes a harsher stance in opposition to Chinese language know-how firms that it has deemed a nationwide safety risk. The administration has clamped down on shipments to the Chinese language tech large Huawei, restricted exports to dozens of different Chinese language firms by putting them on a blacklist this yr and moved to ban the Chinese language-owned social media companies WeChat and TikTok.
The Commerce Division didn’t instantly reply to requests for remark. The letter was first reported by The Monetary Occasions.
The Pentagon, specifically, has expressed considerations that SMIC, whose main shareholders embrace a number of Chinese language state entities, has ties with the Chinese language army.
A SMIC spokeswoman mentioned on Saturday that the corporate had no relationship with the Chinese language armed forces and that it produced chips solely for industrial and civilian use. She added that the corporate had not acquired any official discover from the Commerce Division concerning new export restrictions.
Factories in China churn out an enormous share of the world’s cellphones, computer systems and web gear. However the silicon brains of that gear are sometimes shipped in from abroad.
Final yr, mainland China imported greater than $300 billion in laptop chips, greater than it spent on crude oil. The nation’s chief, Xi Jinping, has put monumental sources towards making China extra self-reliant in semiconductors and different superior applied sciences.
However state help has solely taken Chinese language chip firms up to now. Although SMIC is China’s most technologically superior chip maker, its manufacturing processes are years behind these of business leaders like Samsung and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Firm when it comes to the variety of transistors they will squeeze onto a chunk of silicon. Which means SMIC can’t make the intricate chips that greatest help the newest, most demanding functions.
Even to supply its much less refined semiconductors, SMIC depends on software program and machines from American firms. Analysts on the funding financial institution Jefferies estimate that as much as half of SMIC’s gear at present comes from U.S. suppliers. SMIC might wrestle to remain in enterprise if these companions can’t service and improve the corporate’s manufacturing gear.
SMIC’s enterprise has already been hit this yr by the Trump administration’s curbs on Huawei. In current months, the Commerce Division has curtailed the Chinese language tech large’s skill to purchase semiconductors anyplace on the earth, together with from SMIC. Huawei’s chip unit accounted for almost one-fifth of SMIC’s gross sales final yr, in response to estimates by Credit score Suisse analysts. Qualcomm, the American chip large, is one other buyer of SMIC’s.
Ana Swanson reported from Washington, and Raymond Zhong from Taipei, Taiwan.
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