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UAE’s long-ailing leader Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed has died

UAE’s long-ailing leader Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed has died
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UAE’s long-ailing leader Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed has died

UAE’s long-ailing leader Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed has died

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Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the longtime ailing ruler of the United Arab Emirates, died on Friday, the federal government’s state information company introduced in a short assertion. He was 73 years outdated.

The UAE’s president, the caliph, oversaw a lot of the nation’s lung financial development, and his identify grew to become immortal on this planet’s tallest constructing, the Burj Khalifa, a decade in the past after bailing out debt-ridden Dubai throughout its monetary disaster.

The UAE Ministry of Presidential Affairs has declared a 40-day mourning interval and suspended all ministries and the non-public sector for 3 days beginning Friday, throughout which the flag might be hoisted at half-mast.

He stopped being concerned within the day-to-day operating of the nation for a very long time. As an alternative, his half-brother, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed of Abu Dhabi, was seen as the actual ruler and decision-maker in main international coverage selections, reminiscent of becoming a member of the Saudi-led warfare in Yemen and resulting in sanctions on neighboring Qatar. Lately.

There was no fast phrase on a successor, though Mohammed bin Zayed is anticipated to run for president.

Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan died on Friday, May 13, 2022, the government's state news agency announced.

Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan died on Friday, Could 13, 2022, the federal government’s state information company introduced.
(AP Photograph / WAM)

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Khalifa, who is never seen in official images or at public occasions 12 months after 12 months, was changed in 2004 by his father, Sheikh Zayed, the founding father of the UAE.

He suffered a stroke and underwent emergency surgical procedure a decade later, though officers didn’t launch the information till the subsequent day. From then on, he was largely out of the general public eye.

In 2017, 2018 and 2019, UAE state media printed uncommon images and movies of Khalifa. Within the newest pictures, the caliph wears white sneakers and a white conventional costume as he greets Sheikh Mohammed and different rulers within the emirate.

The caliph, the eldest son of the primary leader of the UAE because the formation of the federation in 1971, was the strongest of the seven semi-autonomous city-states unfold throughout the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. His function as president stems from his place as hereditary ruler of Abu Dhabi, the most important and richest emirate within the UAE. Abu Dhabi serves as the house within the federal capital.

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Regardless of its measurement and huge oil assets, Abu Dhabi usually presents itself as each Dubai’s shiny neighbor, the Center East’s industrial hub with the UAE’s daring imaginative and prescient and the occasional debt-fuel pipe dream, with an enormous palm. A person-made island in form that sits empty a number of years after creation.

As Dubai’s fortunes started to plummet with the worldwide economic system in 2009, Khalifa led efforts to guard the federation by pumping billions of {dollars} into the emergency bailout fund in Dubai. The 2 emirates don’t all the time take one have a look at international coverage selections and compete with one another commercially. In 2003, Khalifa referred to as for the creation of a brand new airline, Etihad Airways, which competes with the profitable and far bigger service Emirates Air in Dubai.

The caliph more and more used Abu Dhabi’s oil assets to draw cultural and tutorial facilities, reminiscent of branches of the Louvre Museum and the satellite tv for pc campuses of New York College and the Sorbonne. He additionally presided over efforts to maneuver OPEC out of dependence on petrodollars, with investments in renewable power analysis, together with plans for a future low-carbon-desert city often called Masdar.

South Korean President Lee Myung-bak met with Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan on March 13, 2011 in Abu Dhabi.  (AP Photo / WAM-HO, file)

South Korean President Lee Myung-bak met with Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan on March 13, 2011 in Abu Dhabi. (AP Photograph / WAM-HO, file)

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Abu Dhabi’s enormous spending overseas in the course of the caliphate’s rule additionally helped push the UAE, which controls the UAE’s oil reserves, away from the shadow of Dubai.

In 2007, the Abu Dhabi Funding Authority, one of many world’s largest sovereign wealth funds, rescued a sick Citigroup Inc. with 7.5 billion in money injections. Lower than two years later, one other Abu Dhabi state-funded German automaker made its greatest one in a collection of title acquisitions, providing about 2 billion euros (then value about 7 2.7 billion) for a 9.1% stake in Daimler AG. Agency behind the Mercedes-Benz.

Khalifa, in the meantime, helped increase the UAE’s regional profile with reduction missions in Pakistan after the devastating floods and despatched warplanes to a NATO-led mission in Libya in 2011 in opposition to the rule of Moammar Gadhafi.

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Through the caliphate’s rule, questions have been raised about the usage of international army contractors within the UAE, together with one linked to Eric Prince, the previous founding father of the Blackwater safety company, who moved to Abu Dhabi in 2009. Prince was concerned in a multi-million greenback coaching program. Troops are combating piracy in Somalia, in accordance with an official who spoke to The Related Press in early 2009.

However Khalifa’s identify might be greatest recognized around the globe for its connection to the world’s tallest constructing, a glass-and-steel spire about half a mile (828-meters) in Dubai.

The tower’s identify was unexpectedly modified from Burj Dubai to Burj Khalifa throughout its official inauguration in January 2010, following a choice to ship billions of {dollars} to Dubai to reserve it from a whole monetary recession.

The caliph took over as president of the United Arab Emirates and ruler of Abu Dhabi in November 2004, following the dying of his father, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who’s broadly revered within the UAE because the nation’s founding father.

The picture of the caliph was ubiquitous, in each lodge foyer and authorities workplace within the nation. Nonetheless, in contrast to the ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the vp and prime minister of the federation, he’s not often seen in public.

Prince Charles and Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan met in London on May 1, 2013.

Prince Charles and Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan met in London on Could 1, 2013.
(AP Photograph / John Stillwell, Pool)

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A U.S. diplomatic cable, printed by WikiLeaks in 2010, described the president as “a distant and strange determine.”

The caliph was born in 1948 within the internal oasis of Al Ain, close to the border with the Sultanate of Oman, and was named after his great-grandfather, Sheikh Khalifa bin Shakhbut.

In 1969, when the realm was nonetheless beneath British safety, Khalifa was named Prime Minister of Abu Dhabi and Chairman of the UAE Protection Division, which later grew to become the core of the UAE Armed Forces. After independence in 1971, he grew to become the Minister of Protection together with different tasks. Later, the title of Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces was adopted by Mohammed bin Zayed.

Though Shekhara, the ruler of the United Arab Emirates, wields absolute energy, Khalifa started an experiment in 2006 to permit restricted voting for half of the members of a 40-seat federal advisory physique – attracting two of the 5 candidates to vote within the 2015 spherical. Did not.

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The UAE didn’t see any avenue protests within the Arab Spring that shook different components of the area, though within the wake of that unrest, the caliph oversaw the crackdown on Islamists and different activists, criticizing worldwide rights teams. The UAE supported efforts within the area to dismantle the Muslim Brotherhood, together with Egypt.

He was named one of many richest rulers on this planet by Forbes Journal in 2008 with an estimated private fortune of 19 19 billion. He constructed a palace in Seychelles, an island nation within the Indian Ocean, and was accused of polluting water from the development website.

In 2007, the caliph gave a significant present on the Johns Hopkins Drugs Advanced in Baltimore. The scale of the grant was not disclosed, nevertheless it was described as “transformative”.

After he fell ailing, lots of the caliph’s tasks after the stroke fell on his trustworthy brother and nominated successor, Mohammed bin Zayed, usually assembly with Sheikh Mohammed in Dubai. The transformation was largely unnoticed, as many UAE and international diplomats have lengthy held that the Crown Prince was a puppet of the UAE-led central authorities.

In September 2014, the UAE grew to become one of the outstanding Arab members within the US-led airstrikes in opposition to the Islamic State militant group in Syria, deploying its first feminine air power pilot within the preliminary operation.

The transfer comes after the impoverished nation’s internationally-recognized authorities launched an enormous intervention in Yemen in opposition to Shiite rebels occupying the capital Sanaa and different areas as a part of a Saudi-led coalition. The UAE has deployed 1000’s of troops, 52 of whom have been killed in a missile strike on their base in September 2015 – the most important army loss within the nation’s historical past.

The non-public lifetime of the caliph was not very fashionable. Like many within the Gulf, he was a fan of the standard hawk sport and loved fishing. He’s survived by his first spouse, Sheikha Shamsa bint Suhail al-Majrooi, and eight kids – two sons and 6 daughters. He additionally left many grandchildren.

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