UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Important Monthly Topics for Preparation

UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Important Monthly Topics for Preparation
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UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Important Monthly Topics for Preparation

UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Important Monthly Topics for Preparation

upsc prelims imp topics february

NASA’s Dragonfly Mission, Sq. Kilometre Array (SKA),  India’s first Geothermal Power Energy Plant Mission, and different necessary present occasions of February 2021, examine an important month-to-month present affairs for UPSC IAS Prelims examination 2021.

UPSC IAS Prelims Examination 2021 is meant to be carried out on June 27. The Prelims syllabus is split into a number of topics nevertheless, every topic contains relatable subjects from the present occasions. Previously few years, UPSC has usually requested greater than two dozen questions from the Present affairs. This makes it necessary that the aspirants are properly versed with all the present occasions taking place in India and all over the world. To assist the aspirants of their revision course of, on this article we have now consolidated necessary month-to-month present affairs subjects from the month of February 2021. 

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Subject 1: Naked Requirements Index (BNI)

Naked Requirements Index (BNI) based mostly on the big annual family survey knowledge may be constructed utilizing appropriate indicators and methodology on the district stage for all/focused districts to evaluate the progress on entry to reveal requirements. The BNI summarises 26 indicators on 5 dimensions viz., water, sanitation, housing, micro-environment, and different services. Learn Extra

Subject 2: Smellicopter Drone

It’s an autonomous drone that makes use of a reside antenna from a moth to navigate in direction of smells. Moreover, it may possibly additionally sense and keep away from obstacles in its approach whereas flying. Researchers have additionally connected two plastic wings on the again of the drone, to assist it fly repeatedly within the air. Learn Extra

Subject 3: NASA’s Dragonfly Mission

NASA could be sending its rotorcraft Dragonfly to Saturn’s moon Titan in quest of the earliest indicators of life on Earth. Dragonfly could be going to Titan in quest of the origins of life on Earth. It will likely be launched in 2026 and it could attain Saturn’s moon in 2034. Learn Extra

Subject 4: Blue Jet Lightning

The Worldwide Area Station’s Environment-Area Interactions Monitor- ASIM observatory not too long ago caught a single blue ‘jet’. It’s upward-shooting lightning from a thunderstorm cell, together with 4 elves, (optical and ultraviolet emissions from the underside of the ionosphere). Learn Extra

Subject 5: Metro-Neo Mission

It’s a Mass Fast Transit System (MRTS) that goals to offer a cushty, fast, energy-efficient and fewer noisy transport medium within the metropolis of Nashik. The scheme is launched to spice up the car sector, present stimulus to financial progress, create employment alternatives for the youth and improve ease of mobility for city residents. Learn Extra

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Subject 6: Vasuki Freight Practice: Indian Railways’ longest freight practice

South East Central Railway (SECR) zone in Chattisgarh created a document of efficiently working the longest freight practice on the Indian Railways community by amalgamating 5 rakes of products trains as one unit. 


1- The overall size of the freight practice was round 3.5 kilometres. 

2- The freight practice was named ‘Vasuki’.

3- The practice coated a distance of 224 kilometres from Bhilai D Cabin until Korba which falls underneath the Bilaspur division in seven hours.

4- The Vasuki practice comprised of 300 wagons of lengthy haul rake of 5 items trains and was operated by one pilot, one assistant loco pilot and a guard.

Learn extra

Subject 7: Kashmir Decision

The New York State Meeting has handed a decision calling on Governor Andrew Cuomo to declare February 5 as Kashmir American Day. India has sharply reacted to the identical. 

Why February fifth?

February fifth is widely known as Kashmir Solidarity Day or Kashmir Day in Pakistan and a nationwide vacation is noticed on the identical. The day is noticed to point out Pakistan’s help in direction of the individuals residing within the Indian administered a part of Jammu and Kashmir and the efforts of separatists of Kashmir. In addition they attempt to present that they pay homage to those that died in such conflicts inflicted upon the realm. Learn extra

Subject 8: Sq. Kilometre Array (SKA)

Sq. Kilometre Array observatory is an intergovernmental organisation which is new and devoted to radio astronomy. It’s headquartered within the UK. At present, organisations from ten international locations are part of the SKAO. These embrace 

  1. Australia
  2. Canada
  3. China
  4. India
  5. Italy
  6. New Zealand
  7. South Africa
  8. Sweden
  9. Netherlands
  10. UK

Learn extra

Subject 9: Brookeisa nana – World’s Smallest Reptile present in Madagascar

The smallest species of Reptiles have been found by scientists in Madagascar. It’s a species of chameleon. “The brand new chameleon is just recognized from a degraded montane rainforest in northern Madagascar and is perhaps threatened by extinction,” as per the Scientific Reviews journal. The size of the chameleon is 22 mm that’s 0.86 inches in all. Learn Extra

Subject 10: India’s first Geothermal Power Energy Plant Mission 

India goes to get its first geothermal energy challenge in Ladakh. On February 7, 2021, an settlement for establishing the primary geothermal Energy Mission was introduced.  It could assist it faucet the potential of pure geysers touching the Puga space which occurs to be 170 km east of Leh.  The challenge could be undertaken by ONGC. 

Potential Geothermal Reservoirs in India:

  1. Puga- Ladakh
  2. Tatapani- Chhattisgarh
  3. Godavari 
  4. Manikaran- Himachal Pradesh
  5. Bakreshwar- West Bengal
  6. Tuwa- Gujarat
  7. Unai- Maharashtra
  8. Jalgaon- Maharashtra
  9. Rajgor and Munger- Bihar

Learn extra

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Subject 11: E-Yuva Scheme by BIRAC

Empowering Youth for Enterprise Worth Added Modern Translational Analysis (E-Yuva) is a scheme by Biotechnology Trade Analysis Help Council (BIRAC) to advertise utilized analysis and need-oriented entrepreneurial innovation amongst younger college students and researchers.

E-Yuva gives funding help, technical and enterprise mentoring, orientation to an entrepreneurial tradition and so forth to college students at varied ranges. Learn extra

Subject 12: Tianwen-1 – China’s first profitable Mars mission

China’s first ever mission to a different planet has been profitable this yr. The Tianwen-1 spacecraft has made an in depth method to Mars and despatched again photos from the purple planet. It could be quickly touchdown within the Purple Planet and finding out its floor and local weather. 

  1. Tianwen-1 arrived at Mars on Wednesday, February 10, 2021
  2. The mission was launched on July 23, 2020
  3. The rover isn’t anticipated to land till Might or June, 2021

Learn extra

Subject 13: SteroStet – India’s first stethoscope sterilizer

SteroStet is a tool that successfully sterilizes a stethoscope diaphragm with out utilizing any chemical compounds or liquids and preserves the longevity of the costly medical equipment.

XECH is India’s rising innovator model which has launched Xech Sterostet. That is one in every of its variety, India’s first Stethoscope Sterilizer. The machine which makes use of a particular UV-C GI Expertise to sterilize stethoscopes diaphragms of all sizes. The purity stage is 99.99%. 

Learn extra

Subject 14: Growth Finance Establishment (DFI)

India will arrange a brand new Growth Finance Establishment (DFI) known as the Nationwide Financial institution for Financing Infrastructure and Growth to cater to the wholesale and long-term financing wants of India and probably fill the hole in long-term financing. The DFI can be arrange on a capital base of Rs. 20,000 crores and can have a lending goal of Rs. 5 lakh crore in three years. Debt financing via the infrastructure funding belief (InvIT) and actual property funding belief (REIT) routes can be enabled via vital amendments within the guidelines.

Learn extra

Subject 15: Nationwide Marine Turtle Motion Plan

The Ministry of Setting, Forests and Local weather Change has launched the Marine MegaFauna Stranding Pointers and Nationwide Marine Turtle Motion Plan. India is wealthy in Marine Biodiversity unfold throughout an unlimited shoreline of 7500 kilometres. Learn extra

Subject 16: Digital Intelligence Unit (DIU)

The federal government is planning to arrange a nodal company known as Digital Intelligence Unit (DIU) to work with legislation enforcement companies, monetary establishments, and telecom service suppliers for investigating fraudulent actions involving telecom assets. The federal government is planning to arrange a nodal company known as Digital Intelligence Unit (DIU) to work with legislation enforcement companies, monetary establishments, and telecom service suppliers for investigating fraudulent actions involving telecom assets. Learn Extra

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Subject 17: Main Port Authorities Invoice 2020

Rajya Sabha handed the Main Port Authorities Invoice 2020 on 10 February 2020 that now requires the assent of the President of India to grow to be an Act. It should exchange the Main Port Trusts Act of 1963. The aforementioned Invoice now requires the assent of the President of India to grow to be an Act. It’s to be famous that 84 members voted in favour of the Invoice whereas 44 members voted towards Invoice. Learn Extra 

Subject 18: Carbon Watch- India’s first Cellular App to evaluate particular person carbon footprint

Chandigarh has grow to be the primary place in India to launch the Carbon Watch. It’s a cell utility used to evaluate the carbon footprint generated by any particular person. 

The applying can be utilized by anybody and everybody however has particular options for the residents of Chandigarh to compile a examine. As per World Well being Group, (WHO), a carbon footprint is the measure if the affect created by individuals’s actions on the quantity of CO2 generated by buring of fossil fuels. It’s expressed by way of weight of carbon dioxide in tonnes. Learn Extra

Subject 19: India’s New Mapping Coverage

On 15 February 2021, the Authorities of India introduced adjustments to the nation’s mapping coverage by liberalising rules on geospatial knowledge and maps. It’s in step with India’s imaginative and prescient of Atmanirbhar Bharat and a 5 trillion-dollar financial system. 

The prevailing regime imposed important restrictions on the Indian mapping industry– from creation to dissemination of maps, requiring the Indian mapping firms to undergo a cumbersome system of pre-approvals and permissions to get licences. Learn Extra

Subject 20: Draft Nationwide Coverage on Migrant Staff 

NITI Aayog has launched first migrant coverage draft. It allows to vote, map talent, inter-state groups. As per NITI Aayog, the Authorities’s purpose should be to offer a restricted method. This implies ‘Do not give the boy a fish, slightly educate him fishing’. The Authorities should not present everlasting or social aids to migrant employees slightly create alternatives for them. This act was subsumed within the Occupational Security Well being and Working Circumstances Code, 2020. Learn Extra

We sincerely hope that the given subjects would have helped you in your Prelims preparation. You can even examine the beneath hyperlink to maintain your self up to date on the most recent GK quiz and occasions. 

GK Quiz on Each day Static and Present Occasions


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