UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Monthly Current Affairs & GK Topics for Preparation

UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Monthly Current Affairs & GK Topics for Preparation
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UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Monthly Current Affairs & GK Topics for Preparation

UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Monthly Current Affairs & GK Topics for Preparation

upsc prelims ca dec2020

UPSC IAS 2021: UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 examination is scheduled for twenty seventh June 2021 for the recruitment of candidates within the Civil Companies of India. In IAS Prelims GS 1 questions are requested from Current Affairs and occasions associated to Basic Science, Historical past, Geography, Polity, Economic system and Atmosphere. Analyzing the UPSC IAS Earlier Years’ Paper of the previous few years, it’s evident that the present affairs part types the most important a part of Basic Research Paper 1. Going by this pattern, it’s extremely anticipated that this yr as effectively, questions may be requested on present occasions of previous one yr. Contemplating this, we’ve got compiled beneath the essential present affairs for the month of December 2020. 

Additionally Examine: Monthly Current Affairs & GK Topics of February 2021 for UPSC

Monthly Current Affairs & GK Topics of January 2021 for UPSC

Matter 1: Cryogenic Know-how

Cryogenic means low temperature. The phrase itself refers back to the expertise of sub-zero temperatures. Cryogenic engines use liquid oxygen because the oxidizer and liquid hydrogen because the gas. As it’s identified Oxygen may be saved within the liquid state beneath – 183 levels Celcius, whereas hydrogen requires temperature beneath – 253 diploma Celcius to be in liquid type. Since liquid oxygen is extraordinarily reactive and flamable it may be used as a propellant to hold heavy masses.

Hindustan Aeronautics Restricted (HAL) has delivered the most important cryogenic propellant tank (C32 LH2) made by it to the Indian Area Analysis Organisation (ISRO) just lately. Learn extra

Matter 2: Mind Fingerprinting

Mind Electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling (BEOSP) is a technique of interrogation the place the suspect’s participation within the crime is investigated by learning the mind’s response. The suspect is then proven visuals or audio clips associated to the case to verify if there may be any triggering of neurons (P300-MERMER) within the suspect’s mind which then generate brainwaves. The take a look at outcomes are then studied to find out the participation of the accused in against the law. Examine particulars

Matter 3: Hayabusa 2 Mission

Hayabusa 2 is a Japanese spacecraft that’s bringing again loads of samples from Ryugu. The impactor hit the asteroid’s floor and make a small crater a number of metres in diameter permitting recent materials to be uncovered. After gathering samples, Hayabusa 2 then headed residence in November 2019, releasing the capsule from an altitude of about 200 km on 5 November 2020 when it returned to Earth by way of parachute. Examine particulars

Matter 4: Loon Web Balloon

Loon’s internet-beaming balloon has just lately set a brand new flight period file. It made the longest balloon flight within the Stratosphere for 312 days. 

Loons are excessive altitude balloons that present web to distant areas. It’s the third layer of connectivity ecosystem to assist locations with minimal attain obtain connectivity with the remainder of the world. These balloons that attain the stratosphere and supply web connections to areas that have been as soon as thought unservable. Examine particulars

Matter 5: China’s Synthetic Solar

China efficiently activated its “synthetic solar,” which is a nuclear fusion reactor that grants the nation with gas for years to come back. China’s Atomic Vitality Authority examined its HL-2M Tokamak reactor for the primary time on Friday, December 4, 2020. The event of nuclear fusion vitality would result in fixing China’s vitality necessities. Learn particulars

Matter 6: Public Wi-Fi Entry Community Interface (PM-WANI)

The Union Cupboard led by PM Modi has authorized the organising of public Wi-Fi networks throughout the size and breadth of the nation on December 9, 2020. Know extra about it beneath

The general public Wi-Fi community service is to be referred to as as PM Wi-Fi Entry Community Interface or WANI scheme. It might be arrange by the general public knowledge workplace aggregators or PDOAs and would offer Wi-Fi service via the general public knowledge places of work or PDO’s. No license payment shall be charged for offering broadband web providers. Learn extra

Matter 7: Photo voltaic Wind Hack

A big chunk of US authorities emails has been focused in a hack thought to have been carried out by Russia as reported by the American media. This has been the most important ever focused cyber assaults in the USA of America. Learn particulars


Matter 1: World Heritage Irrigation Websites (WHIS)

Worldwide Fee on Irrigation and Drainage, ICID is a world community of irrigation, drainage, and flood administration specialists. This yr 4 websites in India have obtained the World Heritage Irrigation Construction (WHIS) tag. 

  1. Cumbum Tank, Andhra Pradesh
  2. Kurnool-Cuddapah Canal, Andhra Pradesh
  3. Porumamilla Tank (Anantharaja Sagaram), Andhra Pradesh
  4. Dhampur Lake in Maharashtra’s Sindhudurg

Learn extra

Matter 2: “Undertake a Heritage: Apni Dharohar Apni Pehchan” Undertaking

Undertake a Heritage, Apni Dharohar Apni Pehchan scheme was launched twenty seventh September 2017, which additionally was World Tourism Day. 

The ministries concerned within the mission are:

  1. Ministry of Tourism
  2. Ministry of Tradition and Archaeological Survey of India, ASI 
  3. State/UTs Governments

Underneath the mission, 27 Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) has been awarded to 12 Monument Mitras for 25 websites and a pair of technological interventions throughout India.


Matter 1: India’s first Moss Backyard

The primary moss backyard of India has been arrange in Lingadhar village, Khurpatal space of Nainital, Uttarakhand. It’s constructed within the space of round half a hectare. Simply as grass backyard consists of grass, a moss backyard has mosses as an alternative of grass. The mosses are squishy and so they can compress with out going through any damages. These gardens can thus be simply walked on with out being broken and likewise don’t require annual alternative. Extra particulars

Matter 2: Hydroponics

Hydroponics is a sort of horticulture or higher we are able to say it’s a sort of hydroculture the place crops are grown with out the usage of soil in mineral-rich water (aqueous solvent). There are numerous sources from which vitamins may be extracted and supplied to the crops. These are fish excreta, duck manure, and lots of different animal-based nutrient sources. Learn particulars


Matter 1: Municipal Bond

A Municipal Bond is a debt instrument issued by municipal companies or related our bodies in India. The funds raised via these bonds are utilized by the native authorities our bodies to finance socio-economic improvement initiatives. 

Why in information?

On 2 December 2020, Lucknow Municipal Company (LMC) bonds grew to become the primary Municipal Bonds from North India to be listed on Bombay Inventory Change (BSE). The itemizing ceremony was attended by Uttar Pradesh’s Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. Learn extra particulars


Political & Worldwide Information

Matter 1: Shanghai Cooperation Group (SCO)

India hosted the SCO Heads of Authorities Summit on 30 November 2020 for the primary time because it joined the grouping within the yr 2017. 

1- The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a everlasting worldwide intergovernmental group which is headquartered in Beijing, China. 2- It’s a Eurasian political, financial and safety organisation aiming to take care of peace, safety and stability within the area. 7- The group has two everlasting members– the SCO Secretariat (Beijing) and the Government Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Construction (RATS) (Tashkent). Learn particulars

Matter 2: Pardon Bribery Scheme

Why in Information?

The US Justice Division has been investigating a bribery scheme directing cash to officers within the White Home, Washington DC, in change for the presidential pardon or commutation. The courtroom has launched a number of paperwork supporting the identical alleged bribes. 

As per the paperwork launched by the US District Courtroom, they’re investigating a “bribery conspiracy scheme wherein [redacted] would provide a considerable political contribution in change for a presidential pardon or reprieve of sentence for [redacted]”.

Matter 3: SIPRI Report 2020

SIPRI stands for Stockholm Worldwide Peace Analysis Institute. It’s located within the capital of Sweden, Stockholm. It offers the information evaluation and suggestions relating to armed battle, navy expenditure and arms commerce. It additionally makes ideas for disarmament and arms management. Learn extra


Vital Dates of December 2020

Matter 1: World AIDS Day 2020

World AIDS Day 2020: It’s noticed on 1 December to unfold consciousness about HIV epidemic, converse out towards HIV stigma, and name for an elevated response to maneuver towards ending HIV. – The theme for 2020 is “Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and Impression”. Learn extra

Matter 2: Indian Navy Day

ndian Navy performed an important position through the Indo-Pakistan battle of 1971 and began Operation Trident. To commemorate the assault and to perform the position of Naval drive yearly, Navy Day is well known on 4 December. The Indian Navy is a effectively balanced three-dimensional drive, able to working above, on and underneath the floor of the oceans and safeguard our nationwide pursuits. Its goal can be to enhance its circumstances within the Indian Ocean Zone. The theme of Navy Day 2020 is “Indian Navy Fight Prepared, Credible & Cohesive”.

Matter 3: Armed Forces Flag Day 

Armed Forces Flag Day is well known on 7 December to honour the martyrs and the lads in uniform and likewise devoted to gathering funds from folks for the welfare of the Armed Forces personnel. The fund assortment is managed by the native arms of the Kendriya Sainik Board in India, which is part of the Ministry of Protection. It’s managed by the managing committee and monitored by each the official and non-official voluntary organizations.

Matter 4: Worldwide Civil Aviation Day

It’s noticed on 7 December to lift consciousness in regards to the significance of the position performed by the organisation of the Worldwide Civil Aviation in air transport. Allow us to let you know that the Worldwide Civil Aviation Organisation is a UN physique that takes care of worldwide requirements for aviation security. At the present time marked as a world observance and never a public vacation. Learn particulars

We sincerely hope that the given matters would have helped you in your Prelims preparation. You can too verify the beneath hyperlink to maintain your self up to date on the newest GK quiz and occasions. 

GK Quiz on Each day Static and Current Occasions

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