What Is a Physical Feature in Geography?

Geographic physical features are things like landforms, bodies of water, terrains, and ecosystems that happen naturally on Earth’s surface. In addition to natural features, there are also man-made or artificial features, such as built structures and human settlements. Cartographic features make up the third group of geographic features. It has parts that aren’t real and don’t exist in a technical sense, but are known and used for things like research, navigation, and reference.


Landforms are parts of the Earth’s natural terrain that can be seen with the naked eye. Mountain ranges, plains, plateaus, and hills are the four main types of land. But there are also many smaller ones, such as canyons, valleys, caves, and buttes. The highest piece of land on Earth is Mt. Everest in Nepal. It’s height is 29,035 feet,

The National Geographic says so. At almost 7 miles below sea level, the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean is the deepest piece of land.

Water Bodies

Bodies of water are also landforms, which means that they are physical parts of geography. In fact, they cover more area than land does. About 71% of the surface of the Earth is water in some form.

The United States Geological Survey says so. This group is made up of oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, canals, and glaciers. Bodies of water can be either saltwater or freshwater, and they can be any size as long as they are always there. The Pacific Ocean is the biggest body of water on Earth. It holds more than half of the planet’s water and is almost twice as big as the Atlantic Ocean.


Terrains, which are stretches of land that make up a certain geographical area and are usually defined by their features, can also be thought of as physical features. A terrain can be flat or steep, and its features can affect the weather, climate, and flow of any water. Deserts, canyons, forests, swamps, tundras, hills, and mountains are all types of terrain.


In geography, ecosystems can also be thought of as physical features. An ecosystem is a place that is made up of many different things, such as animals, plants, organisms, weather, landscapes, landforms, bodies of water, and terrain.

An ecosystem is what National Geographic calls a “bubble of life,” but it can have both living and nonliving parts. A coral reef, a rainforest, a prairie, grassland, or tundra could all be ecosystems.

Built-In Features

There are many natural features in the world, but some were made by people. These include things like roads, airports, dams, buildings, bridges, and railroads that were made by humans.

Cities and Towns

Settlements, or places where people live together, could also be thought of as man-made geographical features. This can be a neighbourhood, a town, a village, a city, a county, a township, a parish, or a place that the census has designated.

Details about maps

Cartographic features are a big part of the study of geography, even though they are not physical features. Even though you can’t touch them and they technically don’t exist, they are used on maps and in navigation, and most people agree with them. The equator and the lines of latitude and longitude are both examples of this type of feature.

Joel Gomez
Joel Gomezhttps://www.gadgetclock.com
Joel Gomez is an Avid Coder and technology enthusiast. To keep up with his passion he started Gadgetclock 3 years ago in 2018. Now It's his hobby at the night :) If you have any questions/queries and just wanna chit chat about technology, shoot a mail - Joel at gadgetclock com.

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