When Did Cable TV Start
History of Cable
In the past 65 years, cable has emerged from a fledgling novelty for a couple of households to the nation’s preeminent provider of digital television, movies, and state-of-the-art broadband Internet service available to many Americans.
Today, because of broadband cable and other breakthroughs, the technological landscape is unrecognizable compared with even a couple of years ago. Consumers now enjoy video content and Internet access from multiple services on multiple devices. they will go browsing anytime, anywhere with more options and opportunities than ever.
The 1940s and 1950s
Cable television originated within the us almost simultaneously in Arkansas, Oregon and Pennsylvania in 1948 to reinforce poor reception of over-the-air television signals in mountainous or geographically remote areas. “Community antennas” were erected on mountain tops or other high points, and houses were connected to the antenna towers to receive the printed signals.
when did cable tv start
By 1952, 70 “cable” systems served 14,000 subscribers nationwide.
In the late 1950s, cable operators began to require advantage of their ability to select up broadcast signals from many miles away. Access to those “distant signals” began to vary the main target of cable’s role from one among transmitting local broadcast signals to at least one of providing new programming choices.
when did cable tv start? | The 1960s
By 1962, almost 800 cable systems serving 850,000 subscribers were in business. Well-known corporate names like Westinghouse, TelePrompTer and Cox began investing within the business, complementing the efforts of early entrepreneurs like Bill Daniels, Martin Malarkey and Jack Kent Cooke.
The growth of cable through the importation of distant signals was viewed as competition by local television stations. Responding to broadcast industry concerns, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) expanded its jurisdiction and placed restrictions on the power of cable systems to import distant television signals. As a result of these restrictions, there was a “freeze” effect on the event of cable systems in major markets, lasting into the first ‘70s (see below).
when did cable tv start? | The 1970s
In the early 1970s, the FCC continued its restrictive policies by enacting regulations that limited the power of cable operators to supply movies, sporting events, and syndicated programming.
The freeze on cable’s development lasted until 1972, when a policy of gradual cable deregulation led to, among other things, modified restrictions on the importation of distant signals. The clamp-on growth had adverse financial effects, especially on access to capital. Money for cable growth and expansion about dried up for several years.
However, concerted industry efforts at the federal, state, and native levels resulted in the continued lessening
of restrictions on cable throughout the last decade. These changes, including cable’s pioneering of satellite technology, led to a pronounced growth of services to consumers and a considerable increase in cable subscribers.
when did cable tv start? | In 1972, Charles Dolan and Gerald Levin of Sterling Manhattan Cable launched the nation’s first pay-TV network, Home Box Office (HBO). This venture led to the creation of a national satellite distribution system that used a newly approved domestic satellite transmission. Satellites changed the business dramatically, paving the way for the explosive growth of program networks.
The second service to use the satellite was an area TV station in Atlanta that broadcast primarily sports and classic movies. The station, owned by R.E. “Ted” Turner, was distributed by satellite to cable systems nationwide, and shortly became referred to as the primary “superstation,” WTBS.
By the top of the last decade, growth had resumed, and nearly 16 million households were cable subscribers.
when did cable tv start? | the 1980s
The 1984 Cable Act established a more favorable regulatory framework for the industry, stimulating investment in cable plant and programming on an unprecedented level.
Deregulation provided by the 1984 Act had a robust positive effect on the rapid climb of cable services. From 1984 through 1992, the industry spent quite $15 billion on the wiring of America, and billions more on program development. This was the most important private construction project since war II.
Satellite delivery, combined with the federal government’s relaxation of cable’s restrictive regulatory structure, allowed the cable industry to become a serious force in providing top quality video entertainment and knowledge to consumers. By the top of the last decade, nearly 53 million households subscribed to cable, and cable program networks had increased from 28 in 1980 to 79 by 1989. a number of this growth, however, was amid inflation for consumers, incurring growing concern among policymakers.
when did cable tv start? | the 1990s
In 1992, Congress skilled cable price increases and other market factors with legislation that when again hampered cable growth and opened heretofore “exclusive” cable programming to other competitive distribution technologies like “wireless cable” and therefore the emerging direct satellite broadcast (DBS) business.
In spite of the effect of the 92 Act, the number of satellite networks continued their explosive growth, based largely on the choice idea of targeting programming to a selected “niche” audience. By the top of 1995, there have been 139 cable programming services available nationwide, additionally to several regional programming networks. By the spring of 1998, the amount of national cable video networks had grown to 171.
By that point, the typical subscriber could choose between a good selection of quality programming, with quite 57 percent of all subscribers receiving a minimum of 54 channels, up from 47 in 1996. And at the top of the last decade, approximately 7 in 10 television households, quite 65 million, had opted to subscribe cable.
Also during the latter half of the last decade, cable operating companies commenced a serious upgrade of their distribution networks, investing $65 billion between 1996 and 2002 to create higher capacity hybrid networks of fiber optic and coax. These “broadband” networks can provide multichannel video, two-way voice, high-speed Internet access, and high definition and advanced digital video services all on one wire into the house.
The upgrade to broadband networks enabled cable companies to introduce high-speed Internet access to customers within the mid-90s, and competitive local telephone and digital cable services later within the decade.
Enactment of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 once more dramatically altered the regulatory and public policy landscape for telecommunications services, spurring new competition and greater choice for consumers. It also spurred major new investment, with America’s then-largest telecommunications colossus, AT&T, entering the business in 1998, though exiting four years later (see below). Almost simultaneously, Paul Allen, a founding father of Microsoft, began acquiring his own stable of cable properties. And America On-Line moved on a historic merger with Time Warner and its cable properties, to make AOL Time Warner.
A generally deregulatory environment for cable operating and programming companies enabled the cable industry to accelerate deployment of broadband services, allowing consumers in urban, suburban, and rural areas to entertain more choices in information, communications, and entertainment services.
when did cable tv start? | 2000 and Beyond
The arrival of the new millennium brought with it hopes and plans for acceleration of advanced services over cable’s broadband networks.
As the new millennium got underway, cable companies began pilot testing video services that would change the way people watch television. Among these: video on demand, subscription video on demand, and interactive TV. The industry was proceeding cautiously in these areas because the value of upgrading customer-premise equipment for compatibility with these services was substantial and required new business models that were both expansive and expensive.
when did cable tv start? | In 2001, partly in response to those demands, AT&T agreed to fold its cable systems with those of Comcast Corp., creating the most important ever cable operator with quite 22 million customers.
Lower cost digital set-top boxes that began to become the norm in customer homes within the mid-1990s proved effective in accommodating the launch of many of the new video services. generally, however, costlier technology would still be required for cable to start delivery of advances like high definition television services, being slowly introduced by off-air broadcast stations also as by cable networks like HBO, Showtime, Discovery, and ESPN.
when did cable tv start? | By 2002, the cable landscape largely reflected the findings of a study sponsored by the Cable & Telecommunications Association for Marketing (CTAM). The study showed that roughly two of each three U.S. households had access to 3 cutting-edge communication tools: cable television, cellular phones, and private computers. Digital cable might be found in 18 percent of U.S. television homes, suggesting an overall digital cable penetration among cable customers within the range of 27 percent. As for data services, the research revealed that 20 percent of cable customers with PCs are using high-speed modems today.
Cable operators with the upgraded two-way plant are witnessing dramatic growth in “broadband” data. Cable has quickly become the technology of choice for such services, outpacing rival technologies, like digital telephone line (DSL) service, offered by phone companies, by a margin of two to 1. Subscribership to high-speed Internet access service via cable modems had grown to quite 10 million by the top of the third quarter of 2002.
As for telephone company using the cable conduit, growth was evident altogether the limited market areas where such service was offered. quite 2 million customers were using cable for his or her phone connections by mid-2002.
To accommodate accelerating demand, cable programmers are rapidly expanding their menu of digital cable offerings. By 2002, about 280 nationally-delivered cable networks were available, thereupon number growing steadily.
At the top of 2002, the buyer electronics and cable industries reached a “plug-and-play” agreement that allowed “one-way” digital television sets to be connected to cable systems without the necessity for a set-top box. These new sets are marketed under the name Digital Cable Ready television sets (DCRs). A security device called a CableCARD is provided by cable operators to permit cable customers to look at encrypted digital programming after it’s authorized to try to do so by the cable operator. Talks to resolve issues associated with “two-way” digital television sets began in 2003 and continue.
The digital TV transition leaped forward in 2003, as substantial gains were made within the deployment of HDTV (HDTV), Video-on-Demand (VOD), digital cable, and other advanced services. Competitive digital telephone company gained momentum as cable introduced voice Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephone services.
when did cable tv start? At the beginning of 2006, cable companies counted a complete of about 5 million telephone customers, representing VoIP customers and customers for the traditional circuit-switched telephone company.
An NCTA survey of the highest 10 MSOs showed that by September 1 of 2004, 700 CableCARDs were installed. By mid-November, that number had grown to over 5,000 CableCARDs. One year later, at the top of 2005, NCTA estimated that the number had reached 100,000.
Results at the top of the Third Quarter of 2005 provide ample evidence of the expansion potential of cable’s new position as a broadband provider. Cable’s capital expenditures reached $100 billion. Cable’s high-speed Internet service ended the quarter with 24.3 million subscribers, and therefore the number of digital cable customers had grown to 27.6 million.
when did cable tv start? |Today
Today, the cable provides video entertainment, Internet connectivity, and digital telephone company to many consumers. What began over a half-century ago among a couple of visionary pioneers has led to the creation of roughly 800 programming networks viewed by over 93% of USA citizens. and that they provide it incredible Internet Speeds of up to 2 Gbps, with those speeds continuing to climb.
See What Wikipedia Say’s – Cable television in the United States – Wikipedia
Cable Operators have reinvented television, creating TV that goes where our customers go. Wherever you’re, on whatever device you select.
Cable Operators have provided quite $275 billion in infrastructure within the last 20 years and support over 2.9 million jobs.