World Contraception Day 2020: Seven myths about contraception capsules, condoms and different strategies
World Contraception Day is noticed yearly on 26 September since 2007. The World Well being Group (WHO) and plenty of worldwide, governmental and non-governmental organisations observe at the present time to lift consciousness about contraception, household planning and ladies’s well being. The objective of this annual consciousness marketing campaign is to allow and empower ladies to make higher reproductive well being decisions.
There are lots of forms of contraceptives now obtainable the world over, together with condoms, oral contraceptive capsules, intrauterine units or IUDs, and injectable contraceptives. Scientists are additionally creating a once-a-month oral contraceptive tablet which could even revolutionise ladies’s well being. There may be, sadly, nonetheless a lack of information and stigma connected to discussions of sexual well being, reproductive well being and contraception use. This inevitably results in myths about contraception that deter ladies from accessing them. The next are a couple of such myths that must be performed away with for the sake of improved ladies’s healthcare throughout the globe.
Fable 1: It’s essential be sexually lively to learn about, use or personal contraceptives.
Truth: Figuring out about contraceptives effectively earlier than you’re sexually lively is essential on your security in addition to that of your (present or future) associate. You shouldn’t really feel ashamed to know easy methods to use contraception. In truth, as a substitute of going to half-baked sources of details about contraception, you need to focus on it confidently with a gynaecologist, trainer, dad or mum or particular person you belief.
Additionally, there’s much more to contraceptives than simply avoiding pregnancies. Use of barrier contraceptives like condoms can be essential to keep away from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and urinary tract infections (UTIs) – which ladies are extra vulnerable to. Oral contraceptive capsules are additionally beneficial to younger in addition to older ladies to deal with well being points like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), uterine fibroids and endometriosis.
Fable 2: Extended use of injectable or tablet contraceptives may cause infertility.
Truth: A examine within the journal Worldwide Views on Sexual and Reproductive Well being in 2015 means that this fable might need its origins in the truth that ladies who use injectable contraception or oral contraceptive capsules would possibly expertise some delays within the resumption of their ovulation and menstruation. However that’s about all of the “infertility” these contraceptives trigger, and issues are again in working order quickly.
Fable 3: Taking contraceptives results in different well being points like weight achieve, temper swings and pelvic inflammatory illness.
Truth: You might need heard this fable extra typically within the context of oral contraceptive capsules, however it’s additionally related to IUD implants. Whereas many research do recommend oral contraceptive use mixed with smoking, hypertension or different danger components could result in cardiovascular points, the identical can’t be stated about weight achieve or temper swings. Ladies who’re prescribed oral contraceptives for PCOS or different points would possibly expertise weight achieve and temper swings due to these underlying circumstances slightly than as a result of contraceptives. You would possibly expertise temper swings and a few weight achieve if you begin taking oral contraceptives, however as your physique adjusts to its results, such signs are inclined to fully subside. The American School of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says that whereas ladies with IUDs would possibly expertise occasional ache and recognizing, the precise danger of PID could be very uncommon.
Fable 4: Pulling out in time is a dependable technique of contraception.
Truth: The Cleveland Clinic states that pulling out in time earlier than a person ejaculates, having intercourse whereas standing up or with the lady on prime, or having unprotected intercourse through the secure interval of your menstrual cycle, usually are not dependable strategies of contraception. There are lots of loopholes in all of those strategies that not solely make you inclined to being pregnant, but in addition to accidents, STIs and sexual dissatisfaction or frustration.
Fable 5: Oral contraceptives are efficient instantly after you begin taking them.
Truth: Oral contraceptive capsules normally must be taken for per week, starting inside 5 days after your interval begins, earlier than they turn into efficient in stopping pregnancies. It is because the hormones within the tablet normally take round seven days to work together with a lady’s pure hormones to stop ovulation. For additional steerage, you need to discuss to your gynaecologist or learn the directions supplied with the capsules.
Fable 6: Contraceptives are 100% efficient in stopping pregnancies.
Truth: No sort of contraception is 100% efficient. The UK’s Nationwide Well being Service says male condoms are 98% efficient when used correctly. The US Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) and each instruction pamphlet with oral contraceptive capsules state that they’re 99.7% efficient with excellent use. The CDC additionally states that IUDs are greater than 99% efficient in stopping pregnancies.
Fable 7: Contraception will not be wanted when a lady is breastfeeding.
Truth: The Cleveland Clinic states that breastfeeding could also be an efficient technique of contraception solely, and provided that, the lady is inside six months of delivering her child, her regular menstrual cycle hasn’t resumed but, and the child is solely breastfed. If any of those standards usually are not met, there’s an opportunity that ovulation can happen and having unprotected intercourse can then result in one other being pregnant. In such circumstances, the breastfeeding mom is beneficial to debate a secure type of contraception together with her gynaecologist.
For extra data, learn our article on Contraception strategies.
Well being articles in GadgetClock are written by myUpchar.com, India’s first and largest useful resource for verified medical data. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with docs to deliver you data on all issues well being.
#World #Contraception #Day #myths #start #management #capsules #condoms #strategies